Tyres: The Invention that Made the World Move
Tests and trials for new Pirelli tyres
Pirelli began manufacturing tyres for cars in 1901 and by 1907 it had already won the adventurous Beijing-Paris race. Scipione Borghese's Itala car, fitted with Pirelli tyres, thrashed the competition and reached the finish line two weeks before the runners-up. Tyres have been transformed many times since then, as the result of constant research, which has made them increasingly safe and sustainable. Designing and creating a tyre is a complex and fascinating process: from the choice of materials, to resistance and noise tests on the prototypes, through to production in highly technological factories. Using digital tools and examining documents (technical drawings, specifications, recipes) in the company's Historical Archive will enable the students to follow the entire process that leads to the finished tyre, ready for the market. The visit to the Pirelli research and development laboratories will show the students the laser that is used to create the pattern of the tread on the prototype, the gouge that carves out the smooth rubber, and the tests on the contact area and noise levels that a tyre needs to pass.