A book by multiple authors that collects thoughts on how to achieve the most useful tools for undertaking a true path of development
What does it take to effectively follow the road to development? This is not a question merely touching politics or macroeconomics: it affects every single company and has great value from a cultural point of view, too, thus affecting everyone. Indeed, development does not just mean growth, but something much more complex. And having a clear idea (or at least trying to), is essential for everyone.
What must be done, the steps to undertake, and above all the issues to be faced and resolved: this is the vision provided in the substantial collection of essays entitled “Inclusion, productivity, growth. An agenda for Italy”, edited by Carlo Dell’Aringa, by Paolo Guerrieri with the contribution of AREL (Agency of Research and Legislation), and by about thirty experts in issues related to growth and development but especially focused on the one element that informs all contributions: social inclusion.
And the whole book is inspired precisely by the combination of growth and inclusion. Obviously, growth understood in terms of productivity and efficiency; while inclusion is taken to mean social cohesion and the elimination of inequalities. The choice to analyse together these different aspects of economy and society is based on the conviction, inherent in those who contributed the study, that important relationships exist between these phenomena, even if different from those found in traditional research. In the last decade, it is explained, together with the growth of inequalities a literature has developed, arguing that these could be an obstacle to a strong and stable growth, while a greater degree of equality and social cohesion may be the proper condition for a better development of the economy. The premise of this book is that reaching growth and equality is something to do simultaneously and not in consecutive stages.
The authors then analyse (considering Italy from both a theoretical and a practical point of view) the theme of growth-equality from different aspects: innovation and productivity, training, the politics of labour and welfare, knowledge systems and social investments. As mentioned, particular attention is placed on Italy: the initial consideration is that our country has shown, in the past, a significant reduction in the rate of growth, a long stagnation in the productivity of production factors and an increase in absolute poverty that had never occurred before. The attempt is to identify how these phenomena relate and the nature of their relationship.
This involves some analysis, but not only. The authors strive to describe interventions and policies that could be implemented for the “increase of our economy’s growth potential and, at the same time, to make our economy more inclusive than it is at the moment”. Thus, topics (and issues) related to healthcare, school, education, universities and policies of labour have come under the scrutiny of researchers.
Not everyone might agree with all that is included in this book edited by Dell’Aringa and Guerrieri, but the collection of essays they have collected shows two great qualities: it provides a suitable toolbox to understand the present and does so in plain and understandable language.
Inclusione, produttività, crescita. Un’agenda per l’Italia
(edited by) Carlo Dell’Aringa, Paolo Guerrieri
il Mulino, 2019