Access the Online Archive
Search the Historical Archive of the Pirelli Foundation for sources and materials. Select the type of support you are interested in and write the keywords of your research.
  • Documents
  • Photographs
  • Drawings and posters
  • Audio-visuals
  • Publications and magazines
  • All
Help with your research
To request to view the materials in the Historical Archive and in the libraries of the Pirelli Foundation for study and research purposes and/or to find out how to request the use of materials for loans and exhibitions, please fill in the form below. You will receive an email confirming receipt of the request and you will be contacted.

I declare that I have read and understood the privacy statement concerning the processing of my personal data[DTJI1] ,  and, pursuant to Art. 6 of the GDPR, I authorise the Pirelli Foundation to process my personal data for the purposes described therein. .

Fields marked with * are mandatory
Book an Educational course

Select the education level of the school
  • Primary schools

  • Lower secondary school

  • Upper secondary school

  • University

Back
Primary schools
Book an Educational course

Select the educational courses that interest you and the day
Enter the required data, and our team will confirm availability via e-mail
The maximum number of places that can be booked per class is 30. Requests that exceed this value will not be accepted.

I declare that I have read and understood the privacy statement concerning the processing of my personal data[DTJI1] ,  and, pursuant to Art. 6 of the GDPR, I authorise the Pirelli Foundation to process my personal data for the purposes described therein. .

Fields marked with * are mandatory
Back
Lower secondary school
Book an Educational course

Select the educational courses that interest you and the day
Enter the required data, and our team will confirm availability via e-mail
The maximum number of places that can be booked per class is 30. Requests that exceed this value will not be accepted.

I declare that I have read and understood the privacy statement concerning the processing of my personal data[DTJI1] ,  and, pursuant to Art. 6 of the GDPR, I authorise the Pirelli Foundation to process my personal data for the purposes described therein. .

Fields marked with * are mandatory
Back
Upper secondary school
Book an Educational course

Select the educational courses that interest you and the day
Enter the required data, and our team will confirm availability via e-mail
The maximum number of places that can be booked per class is 30. Requests that exceed this value will not be accepted.

I declare that I have read and understood the privacy statement concerning the processing of my personal data[DTJI1] ,  and, pursuant to Art. 6 of the GDPR, I authorise the Pirelli Foundation to process my personal data for the purposes described therein. .

Fields marked with * are mandatory
Back
University
Book an Educational course

Do you want to organize a training programme with your students? For information and reservations, write to universita@fondazionepirelli.org

Visit the Foundation
We communicate that all visits and activities of the Pirelli Foundation are temporarily suspended in accordance with the indications of the Ministry of Health. We will communicate the reopening day as soon as possible. For information contact the number 0264423971 or write to info@fondazionepirelli.org

I declare that I have read and understood the privacy statement concerning the processing of my personal data[DTJI1] ,  and, pursuant to Art. 6 of the GDPR, I authorise the Pirelli Foundation to process my personal data for the purposes described therein. .

Fields marked with * are mandatory

Group games in large-scale enterprise

Doing business well is, in part, a question of balance. This is not just a simple theory taken from a modern business management textbook, but something that can also be seen in practice.  And we aren’t talking only about balance in the accounts, although this is important, too. It’s about the need to find the right (internal and external) balance in conduct and in relations in many areas of operations, and even in the entrepreneurial approach that underlies the creation of the business itself. Therefore, it’s important to dig down into the core of a company’s structure to better understand where it has balance and what its weak points are in order to then improve performance.

Some help in this regard has been offered by Tetsuro Okazaki, a professor of economics at Chiba University of Commerce in Ichikawa, Japan, and an expert in game theory and public economics, in his study of the relationship between the coordination of functions in a business and the “multiplicity of equilibria” therein. In “Coordination Problem and Coordination among Groups: Effect of Group Size on Business Culture”, the title of the paper to be published in the Journal of Advanced Management Science, Okazaki seeks to better understand how the various groups of people within a corporation interact, beginning with social conditioning, the company’s culture and its production constraints. All of this then has an impact on the creation and development of business culture and how the company acts towards the markets and the rest of the outside world, as well as on the actual organisation of its production. In order to do this, Okazaki studies how Toyota organises its production (in particular the just-in-time, kanban approach) based on cards that are used to pass information about the production cycle from one group to another.

“In coordination games, we have multiplicity of equilibria,” Okazaki explains. “This multiplicity makes it possible to explain the coexistence of contradictory cultures in a society.” He continues, “If the group size is large, the multiplicity of equilibria disappears.” What we then get is an even more complex set of equilibrium and imbalance, of punctualities and “unpunctualities”, which, together, result in a different enterprise. Toyota’s kanban approach is one such example, and from diverse groups and a variety of equilibria we get an efficient assembly line.

Apart from a few (necessary) technical sections, Okazaki’s work sheds light on an important aspect of modern organisation and of the culture of enterprise.

Coordination Problem and Coordination among Groups: Effect of Group Size on Business Culture 

Tetsuro Okazaki (Chiba University of Commerce/Ichikawa, Japan)

Journal of Advanced Management Science Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2014